What is intelligence
Intelligence is a mental characteristic that consists of the ability to learn from experience, adjust to new situations, understand and use abstract concepts, and use knowledge to find out about the environment.
Although the definitions of intelligence differ, theorists agree that intelligence is a potential rather than a fully developed ability. Intelligence is considered to be a combination of inherent characteristics of the nervous system and developmental intelligence, shaped by experience and learning.
Intelligence can be measured, though imperfect, with intelligence tests.
Although one might think that high intelligence enables a person to succeed in society, many other factors affecting social success make predictions unreliable. Mechanisms of transforming intellectual ability into social success are not fully clarified. For example, there is a strong link between success in elementary school and intelligence, but afterwards it is no longer possible to predict the success of individuals based on intelligence.
What are intelligence and IQ tests?
Intelligence tests make a series of tasks that measure the ability to create abstract concepts, learning, and mastering new situations. The most common intelligence tests are Stanford-Binet test inertia and Wechsler's intelligence test. Stanford-Binet's intelligence test is the American adaptation of the French Binet-Simon intelligence test, and was first used by Lewis Terman 1916, a psychologist at Stanford University.
The test result is expressed in intelligence quotient (IQ) units. This concept was first proposed by the German psychologist William Stern and adopted by Lewis Terman in the Stanford-Binet intelligence test. At first IQ was counted as the ratio of the person's mental age and the actual age, multiplied by the sto. For example, if a child reached the level of achievement of an average 12-year-old child for 10 years at an average age of 12, his IQ would be: (12/10) X 100 = 120. However, few tests today include calculating mental age, but the test result is expressed as an IQ. Today IQ is calculated from the static percentage of people expected to have a specific IQ. The results of intelligence tests follow normal distribution, meaning that most people achieve results around the middle of the distribution curve, and the probability of achieving results far from the middle of the curve suddenly decreases.
The average intelligence quotient (IQ) is 100 and the average centile is 50. The average score is between 25 and 75 cent (IQ / sd15 90-110) and 50% of the total population. Score above 75 cent
(IQ / sd15> 110) is above average and can achieve less than 25% of the total population. The score above 90 cent (IQ / sd15> 120) is high above the average and can only reach 10% of the total population. IQ / sd15 131 or more, or Centenary 98 or higher means that a score within the upper 2% of the total population of the intelligence test is achieved and that this is a condition for membership in Mense membership.
The intelligence tests used for testing in Mensi are based solely on the images and the results of these tests do not depend on education, cultural background, or age.